A small erect shrub, Indian senna attains a height of about 2 to 3 feet. Its stem is pale green, smooth and erect.
The spread out branches possess around 4 to 5 pairs of leaves.
These leaves are pale yellowish-green in color, elongated spear shaped with pointed apex, about 1 to 2-inch in length and about 0.2 to 0.3-inch in breadth.
The plantar surface is shiny green and dorsal surface is yellowish green.
The plant has small yellow flowers. The brown pod contains 5 to 7 seeds that are dark brown in color